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Verb -ing: Perbedaan Gerund vs Present Participle

Dalam Bahasa Inggris, verbs atau kata kerja yang memiliki akhiran –ing biasanya dikenal dengan present participle dan kerap digunakan dalam continuous atau progressive tenses. Namun, verb –ing juga dapat berfungsi sebagai gerund dalam suatu kalimat.

GERUND adalah kata kerja yang memiliki akhiran –ing dan fungsinya berubah dari kata kerja menjadi nomina dalam suatu kalimat. Letaknya mengikuti kata kerja dalam kalimat tersebut.

PRESENT PARTICIPLE adalah kata kerja yang memiliki akhiran –ing, tetapi fungsinya tetap, yakni sebagai kata kerja.

Mari kita simak tabel di bawah ini:

Gerund Contoh verb –ing Present Participle
I love swimming at the ocean Swimming I am swimming at the ocean
I enjoy listening to classical music Listening I am listening to classical music
I stop visiting grandma’s house Visiting I am visiting grandma’s house
I quit reading novels years ago Reading I am reading a novel
I hate flying across continent Flying I am flying like a bird
I postpone working a lot Working I am working like bee workers
I consider buying a convertible Buying I am buying a convertible
I love being in love with you (gerund phrase) Being I am being considerate
I don’t like blasting the music sound Blasting I am blasting the volume through the roof
I consider renting our empty house Renting I am renting our empty house
Dan masih banyak lagi…

Gerund biasanya mengikuti kata kerja tertentu, yakni: consider, discuss, enjoy, finish, keep, keep on, mind, postpone, put off, quit, stop, talk about, dan think about.

Beberapa di antaranya telah kami contohkan dalam tabel di atas. Kata kerja tersebut tidak dapat diikuti dengan bentuk infinitif (to + basic verb).

Sehingga salah bila ada yang menuliskan:

  • I enjoy to listen… (SALAH)
  • I quit to read… (SALAH)
  • I finish to write… (SALAH)
  • I don’t mind to wait… (SALAH)
  • He finished to study… (SALAH)
  • I am thinking to go… (SALAH)
  • dll.

–> lebih lanjut: present participle

–> lebih lanjut: gerund


Mari kita coba kerjakan latihan soal di bawah ini. Bedakan manakah verb –ing yang merupakan gerund dan manakah yang merupakan present participle!

  1. When you finish dusting the furniture, I will mop the floor.
  2. It finally stopped raining when I stepped out of the bus.
  3. Father’s considering moving the whole family to the city.
  4. If at first you don’t succeed, keep trying.
  5. After thinking about leasing a new car, I have decided to just pay it cash.
  6. I’m helping my little brother with his math homework.
  7. Do you mind closing the window? The wind’s blowing real hard and I’m getting cold.
  8. Stop smoking! It’s going to damage your and other people’s lungs.
  9. I’m listening to a vinyl record. There’s nothing like listening to great old records. None of these digital formats can beat the quality of vinyl.
  10.  We have talked about going on a vacation next semester.
  11. Please, quit tapping the window glass with pebbles. It’s already getting some scratch.
  12. As REO Speedwagon says, “And I’m gonna keep on loving you, ‘cause it’s the only thing I wanna do…”
  13. I really enjoy talking to you on the phone. I hope everything is going to be the same when we meet in person.
  14. My parents are discussing something. We gave up trying to listen through the wall between our rooms moments ago.
  15. The sitting president is considering not going to run for the second term.
  16. I can’t stop thinking about what she said the other night.
  17. Mom told me to just keep on working and don’t stop just because things get a little harder.
  18. We put off vacuuming the house because the electricity just went off.
  19. He won’t like what you’re writing. It’s very obscene.
  20. She’s crying because she can’t believe she’s finally recognized for the things she loves doing.